Hydrogen carrier

Fossil chemicals and fuels can be phased out more quickly. Many technological opportunities are available and, of these, the global commitment to hydrogen represents a very important contribution. Methanol is little known in Norway so far, but ranks as a very efficient energy and hydrogen carrier which can be distributed and refuelled as easily as diesel oil and petrol.

Hydrogen solutions – pure hydrogen, ammonia or methanol

Hydrogen can be utilised via various energy carriers. These include pure hydrogen in liquid (at -253°C) or compressed (gaseous) form, or the more hydrogen-rich chemical substances ammonia and methanol.

Hydrogen (two hydrogen atoms)

Ammonia (three hydrogen atoms)

Methanol (four hydrogen atoms)

As a low-risk liquid, methanol is an excellent hydrogen carrier for fuel cells. At the point of use, it becomes enriched with locally supplied water and passes into a reformer which splits off the hydrogen for onward transmission to the cell. The water supplies a further 33 per cent of hydrogen to the cell. In total, that provides 2.1 times more hydrogen than using this is pure liquid form.

Biomethanol can contribute to rapid implementation

  • As an energy and hydrogen carrier, biomethanol has the same chemical composition as fossil methanol – CH3OH
  • The technology is mature
  • A well-established production and distribution network exists
  • Methanol has a low risk profile
  • Cheap and simple storage and distribution are available for methanol

The technology is mature

Can be used a fuel for internal combustion engines

Can be used in fuel cells

"a significant role in reaching our commitment of 60 percent CO₂ fleet reduction by 2030"